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History of Kas

Although the Teke peninsula has been occupied since the Stone Age it seems Kas was founded by the Lycians, and its name in Lycian language was Habesos or Habesa. It was a member of the Lycian League, and its importance during this time is confirmed by the presence of one of the richest Lycian necropolis.
The ancient Greeks later gave it the name of Antiphellos or Antiphilos, since it was the harbor in front of the city of Phellos. During the Roman period, Antiphellos was famous for exporting sponges and timber. Pliny the Elder refers to the town in the fifth book of his Naturalis Historia. After 395 the town became part of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine) and during the early Middle Ages was a bishop see - and as Antiphellus is still a titular see.


A street in Kas with traditional houses and a Lycian tomb in the background.
The town suffered because of Arab incursions, then was annexed (under the name of Andifli) to the Anatolian Sultanate of Rum, led by the Seljuks. After the demise of the Seljuks, it came under the Ottomans.
In 1923, because of the Exchange of populations between Greece and Turkey after the Greco-Turkish War, the majority of the population, which was of Greek origin, left the town for Greece.
In the early 1990s tourism started booming in Kas, with visitors mainly from the UK and Germany. This growth of tourism brought an explosion in apartment building (often without license), which is to seriously threatening the landscape and the environment. Particularly affected is the beautiful Çukurbag Peninsula, west of the town, which now has luxury hotels built on it.


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For more information about Kas we recommend the following sources:

Wikipedia, Kas DMOZ, Links over Kas

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